Contents


Administrative Information

Biographical note

Scope and Contents note

Arrangement note

Chancellor's papers

Correspondence

Episcopal documents

Financial records/documents

Institutions and agencies

Legal documents

Personal papers

Petitions

Press

Speeches, sermons, and writings 1883-1897

Winand Wigger papers, 1864-1919 ADN 0002.003

Finding aid prepared by Archives and Special Collections Center, Maura Kenny, Tracy M. Jackson

1980, 2009, 2012

creator Wigger, Winand, 1841-1901
Title: Winand Wigger papers
Dates: 1864-1919
Abstract: Papers and records of Bishop Winand Wigger from his time as Bishop in the Diocese of Newark, New Jersey.
Extent: 34.5 Linear feet, 74 boxes/containers
Identification: ADN 0002.003

Administrative Information

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Materials were transferred to the Archives and Special Collections Center from the Archdiocese of Newark pre-1980, in 1980, 1986, and 2006. Accession numbers 1986.0004.ADN, 2006.11.07.AC.

Related Archival Materials note

Michael A. Corrigan papers, 1870-1902, ADN 0002.002, in the Msgr. William Noé Field Archives & Special Collections Center.

Salt family letters, 1808-1917 (bulk 1850-1890), Mss 0035, in the Msgr. William Noé Field Archives & Special Collections Center.

Processing Information note

Collection was processed and original finding aid created by the Archives and Special Collections Center circa 1980s, re-processed and finding aid encoded by Maura Kenny in 2009. Additional information for users, editing of descriptive information, addition of two folders and scope content note for Correspondence series, and creation of html finding aid by Tracy M. Jackson in 2012.

Preferred Citation note

[Item], in the Winand Wigger papers, ADN 0002.003, Monsignor William Noé Field Archives & Special Collections Center, Seton Hall University.

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open to researchers at the Msgr. William Noé Field Archives & Special Collections Center. Advance appointments are required for the use of archival materials.

Conditions Governing Use

All materials available in this collection (unless otherwise noted) are the property of the Monsignor William Noé Field Archives & Special Collections Center and Seton Hall University, which reserves the right to limit access to or reproduction of these materials. Reproduction of materials or content is subject to United States copyright restrictions and may be subject to federal or state privacy regulations. Permission to publish exact reproductions must be obtained from the Director of the Archives and Special Collections Center.

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Biographical note

Winand Michael Wigger was born in New York City on December 9, 1841. His parents, John Joseph Wigger and Elizabeth Stucke, emigrated from Westphalia in the 1830s. After Winand's birth, they returned to Germany in 1842, but returned to settle permanently in the United States in 1845.

Wigger's early schooling included attendance at St. Francis Assissi Parochial School on 31st St., New York, N.Y., St. Francis Xavier's College, and a Bachelor of Arts degree from St. John's, Fordham in 1860. The future Bishop began his theological training at Seton Hall's Seminary in New Jersey, and received an M.A. there in 1862. Upon graduation, Wigger entered Brignole Sale Seminary in Genoa, Italy, where he was ordained by Archbishop Charvoz in 1865. While overseas, he briefly attended the University of Sapienza in Rome, and was accorded a Doctor of Divinity from the institution in 1869.

Following his ordination, Wigger served as Assistant Pastor of Newark's St. Patrick's Cathedral from 1866-1869. Bishop James Roosevelt Bayley then transferred the young prelate to St. Vincent's in Madison, Wisconsin, where he remained for four years. In 1873, Wigger assumed charge of the financially troubled St. John's parish in Orange, New Jersey. This rigorous assignment aggravated his chronically poor health, and he was reassigned to St. Teresa's church in Summit after eight months. Two years later, Wigger returned to St. Vincent's in Madison, and served there until 1881.

Bishop Michael A. Corrigan's elevation to the coadjutorship of the Archdiocese of New York created a vacancy in the Newark Diocese, and Leo XIII announced Winand Wigger's appointment in 1881. The new Bishop was consecrated in St. Patrick's of Newark on October 18th, but had assumed administrative charge of the Diocese since the preceding August. Wigger's 20-year episcopate coincided with the growth of immigration from southern and eastern Europe; continued controversy surrounding the parochial school system; the introduction of Byzantine Rite parishes into the Newark Diocese; and a New Jersey Catholic population approaching 300,000 by the time of his death.

The Bishop also actively participated in national Catholic affairs. He assumed a major role in the Third Plenary Council in 1884, served as president of Peter Paul Cahensly's St. Raphael Society in New York City, which was a German immigrant aid association, attended conventions of the Priester-Verein; and conducted a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1894.

Wigger's fragile health deteriorated steadily throughout his episcopate. Finally, after contracting pneumonia for the third time, the Bishop died on January 5, 1901.

More detailed biographical information might be obtained consulting Carl Derivaux Hinrichsen's "The History of the Diocese of Newark, 1873-1901", unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Catholic University, 1962; and the same author's chapter on "Winand Wigger" in the New Jersey Catholic Historical Records Commission's The Bishops of Newark, 1979, pp. 47-70. Other sources include Charles George Herberman's "Rt. Rev. Winand Michael Wigger, D.D., Third Bishop of Newark", 1901 (the mass. for this article being available in this collection), and Richard J. Purcell's short sketch in the Dictionary of American Biography

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Scope and Contents note

The collection focuses primarily on Wigger's tenure as Bishop of Newark from 1881-1901. Although Bishop Wigger died on January 5, 1901, the collection's documents span the years 1868-1919, as some documents are part of large record books.

Upon Wigger's consecration, the Newark Diocese, which previously encompassed the entire state, was divided. Bishop Wigger retained jurisdiction over the seven northern counties of Sussex, Morris, Passaic, Essex, Bergen, Hudson, and Union, which remained the Newark Diocese, and New Jersey's remaining counties were administered from the newly-established Diocese of Trenton.

The number of parishes, parishioners, parochial schools, and Diocesan institutions multiplied during Wigger's episcopate. A new immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe resulted in the creation of Italian, Polish, and Hungarian national parishes by 1900. The Bishop's attempts to manage the new groups, as well as controversies surrounding some established pastors, such as Patrick Corrigan in Hoboken and Sebastien Smith in Paterson, constitutes a major theme in the collection.

In addition, Wigger remained very active in America's German Catholic community, and this is reflected in the collection's documents. Documents and reports concerning New York's Leo House and several lengthy series of correspondence is written in German.

Bishop Wigger's entries in the Episcopal Register grew increasingly succinct throughout the years, and little of the rich narrative that characterizes the Bayley and Corrigan diaries is found. Wigger, in fact, was the last Bishop to maintain the Register, and even his entries for visitations, blessings, and ceremonies are scattered and incomplete.

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Arrangement note

The collection is arranged in ten series:

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Series I.Chancellor's papers

Chancellor's day book

Chancellor's statements and enclosures 1883-1896

D. McCartie, circulars 1886-1887

Salt Episcopal diary February-August 1889

Thomas A. Wallace, circular 1895

Thomas A. Wallace, correspondence January-December 1893

Thomas A. Wallace, correspondence January-July 1894

Thomas A. Wallace, correspondence August-December 1894

Thomas A. Wallace, correspondence January-December 1895

Thomas A. Wallace, correspondence 1896

Thomas A. Wallace, matrimonial curia, Thomas E. Burke vs. Alice Hoffman January 10, 1896

Series II.Correspondence

Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by folder title, then chronologically. The Episcopal correspondence is arranged chronologically by year, then roughly alphabetically by correspondant last name.

Benedictine Fathers (O.S.B.) 1883-1898

Benedictine Sisters

Bishop's Copybook Diocese of Newark, New Jersey 1887-1889

Bishop's Copybook Diocese of Newark, New Jersey 1889-1890

Bishop Wigger's letter book 1890-1894

Bishop Wigger's letter book 1894-1897

Bishop Wigger's letter book 1897-1900

Capuchin Fathers (O.M. Cap.) 1884-1891

Carmelite Fathers (O.C.C.) 1884-1893

Circulars 1881-1896

Correspondence between Bishop Wigger and Mother Evangelista (photocopies) 1888-1900

Correspondence with Carmelite Fathers (photocopies and originals) 1891

Correspondence in German and Italian 1881-1900

Correspondence from Nice, France, partial July 23, 1891

Correspondence with and about a professor in Genoa in Italian 1881-1882

Correspondence with religious communities 1887-1899

Correspondence with Sister M. Francis Clare the Nun of Kenmare (retyped) 1885-1886

Dominican Sisters 1880-1889

Dominican Sisters 1890-1897

Dominican Sisters of the Perpetual Rosary 1892-1897

Duplicate circulars 1882-1886

Duplicate circulars 1887-1900

Episcopal correspondence 1881

Episcopal correspondence 1882

Episcopal correspondence 1883

Episcopal correspondence 1883

Episcopal correspondence 1884

Episcopal correspondence 1884

Episcopal correspondence 1884

Episcopal correspondence 1884

Episcopal correspondence 1885

Episcopal correspondence A-B 1886

Episcopal correspondence 1886

Episcopal correspondence 1886

Episcopal correspondence 1887

Episcopal correspondence 1887

Episcopal correspondence 1887

Episcopal correspondence 1888

Episcopal correspondence 1888

Episcopal correspondence 1888

Episcopal correspondence 1888

Episcopal correspondence 1889

Episcopal correspondence 1889

Episcopal correspondence 1889

Episcopal correspondence 1889

Episcopal correspondence 1890

Episcopal correspondence 1890

Episcopal correspondence 1890

Episcopal correspondence 1890

Episcopal correspondence 1891

Episcopal correspondence 1891

Episcopal correspondence 1891

Episcopal correspondence 1891

Includes letter dated 16 November 1891, from James F. Mooney, regarding Italian population of St. Philip Neris parish, Newark.

Episcopal correspondence 1892

Episcopal correspondence 1892

Episcopal correspondence 1892

Episcopal correspondence 1892

Episcopal correspondence 1893

Episcopal correspondence 1893

Episcopal correspondence 1893-1894

Episcopal correspondence 1894

Episcopal correspondence 1894

Episcopal correspondence 1895

Episcopal correspondence 1895

Episcopal correspondence 1895

Episcopal correspondence (includes some photocopies) 1896

Episcopal correspondence 1896

Episcopal correspondence 1896

Episcopal correspondence 1897

Episcopal correspondence 1897

Episcopal correspondence (includes some photocopies) 1897

Includes letter dated 18 August 1897, from J. Roland, regarding Italians of Madison, NJ, attending Protestant services.

Episcopal correspondence Fe-Go, 1898

Episcopal correspondence 1898

Episcopal correspondence 1898

Episcopal correspondence (includes some photocopies) 1899

Episcopal correspondence 1899

Episcopal correspondence (includes some photocopies) 1900

Episcopal correspondence undated

Episcopal correspondence undated

Episcopal correspondence, fragmented undated

Family correspondence 1868-1899

Female communities 1883-1896

Form letters and forms sent to each priest 1882-1896

Franciscan Missionary Sisters 1883-1896

Franciscan Recolletcts of the Strict Observance (O.S.F.) 1887-1899

Leo House 1883-1893

Little Sisters of the Poor 1883-1900

Male Orders 1884-1897

Marriage tribunal records, differences in religious communities for women 1901-1903

Marriage tribunal records, Leo House 1880-1896; undated

Marriage tribunal records, parish reports on mixed marriages 1888-1889

Minor Conventuals of St. Francis (O.M.C.) 1884-1896

Papal correspondence and encyclicals 1883-1889

Papal correspondence and encyclicals 1891-1899

Passionist Fathers (C.P.) 1883-1899

Pastoral letter 1882

Pastoral letter of the Bishops and Archbishops of the Third Plenary Council 1884

Pastoral letter, St. Augustine's Newark, in German 1874

Poor Clare Sisters 1888-1889

Propaganda file 1881-1889

Propaganda file 1890-1899

Seton Hall correspondence 1881-1887

Seton Hall correspondence 1888-1892

Seton Hall correspondence 1893-1897

Seton Hall correspondence 1898-1900

Seton Hall correspondence, fragmented undated

Sisters of Charity 1882-1889

Sisters of Charity 1890-1899

Sisters of Christian Charity 1886

Sisters of the Good Shepherd 1885-1896

Sisters of Notre Dame 1883-1899

Sisters of Peace 1884-1899

Sisters of the Poor of St. Francis 1883-1900

Sisters of the Precious Blood 1888-1891

Sisters of St. Joseph 1890-1894

Society of Jesus (G.J.) 1884-1894

Vicar General John J. O'Connor, circular September 27, 1894

Vicar General John J. O'Connor, correspondence 1894

Vicar General John J. O'Connor, correspondence 1894

Vicar General John J. O'Connor, correspondence 1894

Vicar General John J. O'Connor, correspondence 1895-1900; undated

Series III.Episcopal documents

Annual Conference of the Archbishops, minutes 1893-1895

Award presented to Bishop Wigger in honor of his trip to Genoa 1885

Bishop Wigger's ordination to Diaconatry, certificate 1865

Bishop Wigger's record book January 1886-October 1900

Bishop Wigger's Silver Jubilee, commerative booklet undated

Hnad-lettered commemorative booklet from St. Patrick's Parish, St. Mary's, Young Men's Catholic Association in Morristown, N.J. Photo of Association building on inside cover.

Breviary undated

Breviary undated

Breviary undated

Certificate from Pop Leo XIII to Chealier Erazm Josef Jerzmanowski 1889

Certificates of entitlement to Christian burial 1895-1896; 1899

Confirmations in Diocese of Newark 1881-1887

Collegio Brignole Sale Negroni, Genoa, certification of attendance undated

Copy of sermon by Reverend James William Marshall sent by Dominican Sisters 1884

Diary 1891

Diocesan Council meeting minutes 1887-1912

Diocesan Council minutes 1887

Diocesan Synod proceedings and notes 1896

Ephemera 1884; 1891; 1893; undated

Episcopal pamphlets 1883; 1889; 1894; undated

German hymnal 1862

Handbills, Mission Work Among the Negroes and the Indians 1896-1897

List of conferences, 40 hours devotion, theological circulars 1883; 1892-1893; 1882;1890

List of Episcopal visitations 1878; 1883-1884; 1886-1887; 1890; 1893; 1896

Marriage certificate, Daniel O'Keefe and Catharine Fitzsimmons 1883

Marriage tribunal records, dispensations granted 1888-1890; 1892; 1894; 1896; 1898; undated

Marriage tribunal records, testimonium libertatis 1893; 1899; undated

North American College, Rome, oral exam scores, priest ordination, St. Michael's Church, Cranford NJ, list of items 1894; 1882; undated

Notebook with notes in Latin 1883

Notes 1885; 1889-1890; undated

"The Order Followed in the Consecration of a Bishop According to the Roman Pontifical" 1892

"Papal Autonomy Order" 1895

Petition for admittance to Alexian Brothers for Patrick Caulfield 1900

Pontifical College of North America, oral examination results July 1895

Priests' papers 1892; 1896-1897; 1899; undated

Programs 1887; undated

Record of dispensations undated

Records book 1891-1907

Regulations for Lent 1893

Relatio Facta Sanctae Sedi in Mense Novembris ad 1885 de Conditione Diocesis Novarcensis 1885

Relatio Facta Sanctae Sedi in Mense Novembris ad 1890 de Conditione Diocesis Novarcensis 1890

Relatio Facta Sanctae Sedi in Mense Novembris ad 1900 de Conditione Diocesis Novarcensis 1900

Reports of Episcopal visitations 1883-1886

Reports of Episcopal visitations 1886-1890

Reports of Episcopal visitations 1890-1893

Reports of Epsicopal visitations 1893-1896

Reports of Episcopal visitations 1896

Scrapbook 1890-1898

Archdiocese scrapbook 1887-1897

Wigger memoranda 1879-1888

Series IV.Financial records/documents

Accounts, ledger book 1883-1896

Archdiocesan account book of parish financial records 1881-1896

Archdiocesan special collection records 1888-1897

Arlington, Hudson County Catholic Protectory, financial statements 1890; 1892-1893; 1895-1896; 1898

Cash account, ledger book 1883

Chancery accounts, ledger book 1889-1896

Chancery receipts, ledger book 1881-1889

Chancery receipts, ledger book 1881-1889

Checkbook 1897-1898

Checkbook 1899-1900

Checkbook 1900

Check drafts 1900-1901

Church debts, ledger book 1901

Clerical fund enclosures 1888; 1897; undated

Clerical fund, ledger book 1887-1901

Clerical fund, ledger book 1886-1890

Collecho accounts 1873-1884

Diocese account with Bishop Wigger, ledger book 1883-1885

Dispensations for illegitimate/orphaned children 1888-1919

Enclosures 1861-1900; undated

Reports, Harrison Holy Cross Club, Commissariate of the Holy Land, St. Vincent de Paul Parish NY, St. John's Church Syracuse 1896; 1898; 1895; 1885;1885

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery, reports and purchase prices 1864-1882

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery reports 1885

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery reports 1886

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery reports 1887

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery reports 1888

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery reports 1889

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery reports 1890

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery reports 1891

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery annunal report and miscellaneous accounts 1891; 1897

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery reports 1892

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery reports 1893

Holy Sepulchre Cemetery reports 1894; 1909; undated

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1881-1882

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1883

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1884

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1885

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1886

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1887

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1888

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1889

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1890

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1891

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1892

Hudson County Catholic cemeteries, monthy statements 1893

Hudson County Catholic Cemeteries, monthly statements 1894

Hudson County Cemetery reports 1898

Inventory of goods and chattels of Bishop Wigger 1901

Ledger book 1885-1897

Ledger book 1896-1902

Ledger book, clerical fund and Leo House 1887-1900; 1888

Leo House, monthly reports January 1890-December 1893

Leo House, monthly reports January 1894-May 1894; May 1895-June 1895; November 1895-December 1896

Leo House, monthly reports February 1897-October 1899

Leo House, monthly reports May 1900-July 1900; September 1900

List of collections by church 1893-1924

Loose bills 1867-1868; undated

Loose bills 1871

Loose bills 1872-1873

Loose bills 1874

Loose bills 1875

Loose bills 1876

Loose bills 1877

Loose bills 1881-1892

Loose bills 1893

Loose bills 1894

Loose bills 1895

Loose bills 1896

Loose bills 1897-1898

Loose checks 1873-1874

Loose checks 1875; 1878

Loose checks 1881

Loose checks 1882

Loose checks 1885-1886

Loose checks 1889

Loose checks 1890-1891

Loose checks 1892

Loose checks 1893

Loose checks 1894

Loose checks 1895

Loose checks 1896

Loose checks 1897

Loose checks 1898-1900; undated

Parish and personal financial records and documents 1882-1900; undated

Parish receipts and expenses 1872-1899; undated

Peter's Pence record book 1887

Special account book 1897-1900

St. Mary's Orphan Assylum and Diocesan debts, ledger book 1882; 1884-1900

Wigger accounts, ledger book 1881-1883

Wigger account with Diocese, ledger book 1897-1900

Series V.Institutions and agencies

Alms House, indentures of aprenticeship 1882

Paperwork to commit a patient to the NJ State Hospital for the Insane at Morris Plains, St. Henry's School fundraising card, Ephpheta Union membership card 1898; 1896; undated

St. Francis Hospital, Jersey City, annual reports 1892; 1894

St. Joseph's Hospital, Paterson, annual reports 1889; 1893

St. Mary's Orphan Asylum annual reports, St. Vincent's Home for Working Boys annual report 1883; 1897; 1894

St. Michael's Hospital, Newark, annual report 1885

St. Michael's Hospital, Newark, annual report 1887

St. Michael's Hospital, Newark, annual report 1894

Series VI.Legal documents

Certificate of incorporation of St. Charles' Church of Hurdtown 1897

Certification of arrest of K. Labisinsky 1895

General legal documents 1891; 1897; undated

Last will of Bishop Wigger 1883; 1894

Legal documents regarding land purchases and titles 1859; 1892

Martin Jernick's expulsion from St. George Lithuanian Benevolent Society 1898

Official statements 1890; 1893; 1898-1900; undated

Opposition to petition to adopt Kate Lynnott undated

Subpena for Bishop Wigger to appear in a case between George B. Rose and John Miller 1900

Supplement to "An Act Concerning Corporations," copy of testimony, Valentine Snyder 1885; 1898; undated

"Teachers' Certificate," Mary E. Sullivan 1889

Wills of laity, James Morris' will July 16, 1892

Wills of laity, Mary Delaney 1892

Wills of laity, unidentified undated

Winand Michael Wigger vs. John Reiner, testimony of defendant 1894

Series VII.Personal papers

Bishop Wigger's class notes c. 1860-1862

Educational certificates and financial documents 1875; 1889; 1895; undated

Silver plate, coffee pot, and lidded server undated

Series VIII.Petitions

Petitions 1881-1898

Petitions 1899

Petitions for absolution 1889-1890

Petitions for faculties to absolve 1885; 1890-1892

Petitions for faculties to absolve 1885; 1890-1892

Petitions from the secular and regular clergy of the Diocese of Newark, re: Union County 1881

Series IX.Press

Newspaper clippings in German (includes some photocopies) 1895; undated

Newspaper clippings regarding Bishop Wigger's conflict with Patrick Corrigan (includes some photocopies) 1885-1886; 1892-1894; undated

Newspaper clippings regarding Bishop Wigger's death (photocopies) January 1901

Newspaper clippings regarding the Newark Archdiocese (includes some photocopies) 1891-1897; undated

NY Times articles on Wigger's dispute with Corrigan and Santolli, re: German and Italian in St. Mary's School in Hoboken (photocopies) February; April-May 1893

NY Times newspaper clippings regarding foreign Catholics in America (photocopies) May 1892; January 1894

"Right Reverend Winand Michael Wigger D.D., Third Bishop of Newark," by Charles George Herberman LL. D. 1901

The Xavier, memorial picture and biography of Bishop Wigger (photocopy and original) February 1901

Series X.Speeches, sermons, and writings 1883-1897

Notes for biographical sketch of Bishop Wigger 1884

Poems, anecdotes, and toasts, Reverend James Weisbecker undated

Sermon and announcement notes undated