Jesuits

[[Christogram]]{{pb}} The Society of Jesus (; abbreviation: SJ), also known as the Jesuit Order or the Jesuits ( ; ), is a religious order of clerics regular of pontifical right for men in the Catholic Church headquartered in Rome. It was founded in 1540 by Ignatius of Loyola and six companions, with the approval of Pope Paul III. The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations. Jesuits work in education, research, and cultural pursuits. Jesuits also conduct retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, sponsor direct social and humanitarian ministries, and promote ecumenical dialogue.

The Society of Jesus is consecrated under the patronage of Madonna della Strada, a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and it is led by a Superior General. The headquarters of the society, its General Curia, is in Rome. The historic curia of Ignatius is now part of the attached to the Church of the Gesù, the Jesuit mother church.

Members of the Society of Jesus make profession of "perpetual poverty, chastity, and obedience" and "promise a special obedience to the sovereign pontiff in regard to the missions" to the effect that a Jesuit is expected to be directed by the Pope "''perinde ac cadaver''" ("as if he was a lifeless body") and to accept orders to go anywhere in the world, even if required to live in extreme conditions. This was so because Ignatius, its leading founder, was a nobleman who had a military background. Accordingly, the opening lines of the founding document declared that the society was founded for "whoever desires to serve as a soldier of God,}} to strive especially for the defense and propagation of the faith, and for the progress of souls in Christian life and doctrine". Jesuits are thus sometimes referred to colloquially as "God's soldiers", "God's marines", or "the Company". The society participated in the Counter-Reformation and, later, in the implementation of the Second Vatican Council.

Jesuit missionaries established missions around the world from the 16th to the 18th century and had both successes and failures in Christianizing the native peoples. The Jesuits have always been controversial within the Catholic Church and have frequently clashed with secular governments and institutions. Beginning in 1759, the Catholic Church expelled Jesuits from most countries in Europe and from European colonies. In 1814, the Church lifted the suppression. Provided by Wikipedia
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  1. 1
    by Jesuits
    Created 1986
    Location: Dinand Library, College of the Holy Cross
    Book
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    by Jesuits. Maryland Province
    Created 1976
    Location: PAHRC Library, Philadelphia Archdiocesan Historical Research Center (PAHRC)
    Get full text
    Pamphlet
  8. 8
    by Jesuits. Austrian Province.
    Created 1860
    Location: PAHRC Library, Philadelphia Archdiocesan Historical Research Center (PAHRC)
    Get full text
    Pamphlet
  9. 9
    Created 1634
    Other Authors: ...Jesuits Belgian province...
    Location: John J. Burns Library, Boston College
    Book
  10. 10
    Created 1892
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Dinand Library, College of the Holy Cross
    Book
  11. 11
    Created 1869
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: John J. Burns Library, Boston College
    Book
  12. 12
    Created 1757
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: John J. Burns Library, Boston College
    Book
  13. 13
    Created 1705
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: John J. Burns Library, Boston College
    Book
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    Created 1606
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Dinand Library, College of the Holy Cross
    Book
  16. 16
    Created 1834
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Dinand Library, College of the Holy Cross
    Book
  17. 17
    Created 1937
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Dinand Library, College of the Holy Cross
    Book
  18. 18
    Created 1943
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Dinand Library, College of the Holy Cross
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    Created 1606
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Raynor Memorial Libraries, Marquette University
    Book
  21. 21
    Created 1943
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Raynor Memorial Libraries, Marquette University
    Book
  22. 22
    Created 1819
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Raynor Memorial Libraries, Marquette University
    Book
  23. 23
    Created 1908
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Raynor Memorial Libraries, Marquette University
    Book
  24. 24
    Created 1635
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Raynor Memorial Libraries, Marquette University
    Book
  25. 25
    Created 1583
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Cudahy Archives, Loyola University Chicago
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    Created 1635
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Cudahy Archives, Loyola University Chicago
    Book
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    Created 1606
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Cudahy Archives, Loyola University Chicago
    Book
  31. 31
    Created 1635
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Cudahy Archives, Loyola University Chicago
    Book
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    Created 1727
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: John J. Burns Library, Boston College
    Book
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    Created 1635
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Marian Library, University of Dayton
    Book
  43. 43
    Created 1944
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Hesburgh Libraries, University of Notre Dame
    Serial
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    Created 1844
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Hesburgh Libraries, University of Notre Dame
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    Created 1635
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Hesburgh Libraries, University of Notre Dame
    Book
  49. 49
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Dinand Library, College of the Holy Cross
    Book
  50. 50
    Created 1907
    ...Jesuits...
    Location: Dinand Library, College of the Holy Cross
    Book